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A well-composed abstract is key to your effective dissemination of the research. Many articles are only ever read in abstract form. Anonymous peer-reviewers of your scholarship shall read the abstract first. The African Studies Review (ASR) provides abstracts in English, French, and Portuguese, in order to reach the widest possible audience that is global. You ought to provide one version that is 100-word at least one language.
The abstract is not the first paragraph of an article. An abstract is a version that is complete kind of your article. It is the entire article epitomized, since the major points, content and scope of one’s argument, the theoretical framework or scholarly point of departure, along with the methodology, and form of evidentiary basis. It should be in a position to stand alone.
The abstract can be described as the “elevator pitch” for a possible publication: imagine you’re stuck in the elevator during the ASA Annual Meeting https://www.customwritings.us.com/ with one of the editors associated with ASR. You ought to provide an overview that hits the high points in about about a minute and convinces the editor that it’s worthy of further consideration. It should very concisely summarize this issue, how it fits into the broader literature, the contribution, the investigation strategy, the key findings, plus the broader implications.
We suggest you engage the follow two ways that are prevailing optimize your abstracts for the search engines. This will greatly boost the chance it shall viewed widely and shared.
First, construct a title that is descriptive your article. In internet search engine terms, the title of each and every article abstract is crucial. The search engine assumes that the title contains the expressed words most highly relevant to this article. This is the reason it is important to choose a descriptive, unambiguous, and title that is accurate. By constructing a title to include those terms while it may be tempting to use a quote from an informant or sources, think about how search terms draw in a potential reader who may be looking for your article or your subject area, community, or country of study, and help them. Keep in mind that people search for search phrases, not words that are just single.
you need to reiterate the phrases that are key this article title in the abstract itself. The number of times that certain words and phrases appear on a webpage has a significant impact in how they are ranked in searches although search engines use proprietary algorithms.
Things You Shouldn’t Do:
Illustration of a strong abstract:
“States at War: Confronting Conflict in Africa”
During the early 1990s, democratization dominated discourse on African politics. However fraught with contradictions, processes of political liberalization held out hope for more responsive, accountable government—and some African countries achieved impressive gains. However in many elements of the continent the outlook at the beginning of the twenty-first century is decidedly more somber. An increase in violence and war has already established devastating consequences for people and their communities. Newbury examines several approaches to confronting these conflicts and highlights three lessons that emerge. In a few situations, international involvement is vital to end a war, and doing this successfully requires enormous resources. But assistance that is external follow an individual template; it must be adapted to various local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. Newbury argues that greater support is needed for efforts to alleviate the problems that spawn wars and violence.
Example of a weak abstract:
“Conflict and Chaos: Understanding War, Rethinking Violence”
This article argues that in the early 1990s democratization dominated African political discourse. I explore the processes of political liberalization and just how these people were fraught with contradictions, even though they held out hope for more responsive, accountable government. I identify some African countries that achieved gains that are impressive. But it has been argued by other scholars (Schmidt 2007; Jones 2005; Asante 1996) that the outlook at the beginning of the twenty-first century will be decidedly more somber. A rise in violence and war has had ramifications that are overdetermining. I will examine approaches that are several confronting these conflicts and I will highlight three lessons that emerge. In certain situations, international involvement could be important to end a war, and doing this successfully may need enormous resources. But external assistance cannot follow a single template; it must be adapted to different local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. The author cites data that are various argue that greater support is required for efforts to ease the conditions that spawn wars and violence.