Yes, in the 1st six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But just how much have you figured out about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug in to the reputation for Tudor England in addition to royal court for the words with their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration regarding the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed here are the CliffsNotes that will help you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she was the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s daddy almost needed to return her dowry, but a King would not spend money—or alliances that are european. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry ended up being 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry had been away in France. But once she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a pity ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the Spanish princess with a plan to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never lost control no matter what times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. More over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding which was null. Complicated, we realize. Whilst the track shows, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she was the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being provided for a “nun-ry” but ultimately relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the actual only real wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs between your King along with his Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of his previous mistress, at that. Anne was raised during the court associated with Queen of France before coming back house to England to participate the royal court.
Anne Boleyn is normally depicted due to the fact devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null along with his brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne had been crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly offered delivery to a lady, the near future Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing a real solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him while he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to help make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane provided delivery to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is oftentimes regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could disappear completely. as she actually is truly the only spouse Henry freely mourned and also the just one to get a queen’s funeral, which is the reason why her song in Six is considered the most like an electrical ballad—even” Henry VIII ended up being ultimately buried beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen rose-brides.com venezuelan dating from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger visited Germany to paint Anne and her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th wife. (We find out about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it to my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there clearly was no chance she had been a virgin once they wed. Issued an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit aided by the King and frequently visited court throughout the reigns associated with last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very long the item of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( perhaps maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could visited haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and sent her to your Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs . old as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been quartered and drawn). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, had been hidden within an grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant anxiety about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous ended up being widowed in both situations. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s sibling) before she caught the optical attention associated with the King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to keep her alone to truly save them both from the King’s wrath and particular death.
Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mom to his three kiddies: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they’d can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine was the initial queen of England and Ireland; she ended up being additionally the queen most abundant in influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and ended up being the very first Queen of England to do this. So that it’s real that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected whilst the Queen of England even with his death—which is what took place. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, ended up being prepared to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the main one to re-marry, to gentleman regarding the court Thomas Seymour. She passed away September 5, 1548.